Thursday, May 21, 2020
Domestic violence is a widespread social problem affecting women, men, and children. This phenomenon cuts across cultures and social strata, increasing the likelihood for psychological and emotional issues for the victim and family members. Waldman, Finzi-Dottan, and Weintraub (2013, p. 57) affirm from their findings, Abused women are not a homogenous group, and the repeated traumatic events throughout their lives may result in formation of insecure attachment patterns and PTSD which consequently, may impact their perceived parenting. In other words, domestic abuse victims may suffer long-term consequences, which can ultimately affect their parenting as well. It is concerning when children are exposed to domestic violence because of the potential disruptions in psychosocial development and the increased chances that they too will become perpetrators of violence. Litrownik, Newton, Hunter, English, and Everson (2013, p.60) concluded from their research findings that while studying th e relative exposure to community versus family violence, it was found that family violence was more likely to be associated with child problems. The Couunsel r of Sexual Aassault and Domestic Violence (CSADV) provides services throughout the Woodbury County region in Iowa to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. This agency is a non-profit agency that is dependent on government funding and grants. Because of the recent cuts in state and federal spending, the CSADV is strugglingShow MoreRelatedViolence Against Children and Women702 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnumerous years, violence against children and women has not only been accepted and tolerated as an ordinary practice, but it has as well been encouraged. Patriarchal societies across the world view children and women as being submissive members of a family while men hold dominant roles. Laws and the society have often promoted a mans rights to manipulate and control his family, even through violence, from the olden days to the present world. Domestic violence refers to aggression or violence perpetratedRead MoreEssay Domestic Violence Against Women: A Global Epidemic1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages One of the most significant health and social problems affecting every society in the world today, irrespective of age, race, ethnic, socio-economic, and religious groups, is Domestic Violence against women. According to the World Health Organization (2007): Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio- economic, cultural, racial, and class distinctions. This problem is not only widely dispersed geographically, but its incidenceRead MoreDomestic Violenece and Sexual Assault1518 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDomestic Violence (DV) and Sexual Assault (SA) are persistent and serious problems affecting millions of individuals from different countries, ages, race, economic status or education, and religions. These problems severely affect the victims in addition to the entire society and are associated with several other social ills (Lien 2003). Case studies of personal abuse and violence, particularly between families and domestic partners, are the main occurrences that are dealt with at Hoke County DomesticRead MoreDomestic Violence And Violence Against Women1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdefinition of domestic violence is, Ã¢â¬Å"Violent confrontation between family or household members involving physical harm, sexual assault, or fear of physical harmÃ¢â¬ . Domestic violence takes place in many forms, including physical assault, threats, sexual abuse, intimidation, etc. Domestic v iolence destroys the meaning behind a home and the feeling of a safe environment. No one man, woman, or child deserves to be abused. The abuser is the one who should take responsibility of the violence occurring, notRead MoreWomen Are The Victims Of War1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJust as women are victims of economic systems, they are also the victims of many, if not most, acts of terrorism and violence. These can include domestic violence, sexual slavery, emotional abuse, human trafficking, etc. In these ceaseless cases of oppression and violence, women and children bear the brunt of it all. In short, they are the casualties of war. The spoils of war. The victims of war. Two prominent ongoing acts of conflict which impact women are ISISÃ¢â¬â¢s widespread regime and domestic violenceRead MoreAbuse and Violence Domestic Violence1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMartinÃ 1Ã TiffanyÃ MartinÃ 19Ã November,Ã 2014Ã ProfessorÃ KelliÃ GilbertÃ PrejudiceÃ Ã DiscriminationÃ Ã Ã DomesticÃ ViolenceÃ Ã Ã Ã DomesticÃ ViolenceÃ AgainstÃ WomenÃ isÃ aÃ globalÃ issueÃ reachingÃ acrossÃ nationalÃ boundariesÃ asÃ wellÃ asÃ socioÃ economic,Ã cultural,Ã racialÃ andÃ classÃ distinctions.Ã ItÃ isÃ aÃ problemÃ without Ã frontiers.Ã NotÃ onlyÃ isÃ theÃ problemÃ widelyÃ dispersedÃ geographically,Ã butÃ itsÃ incidenceÃ isÃ also Ã extensive,Ã makingÃ itÃ aÃ typicalÃ andÃ acceptedÃ behavior.Ã OnlyÃ recentlyRead MoreWomens Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn every country in Latin America and the Caribbean, women suffer acute discrimination. Often, the discrimination women face is related to social prejudices regarding appropriate patterns of conduct for men and women. This entrenched sex inequality provides the backdrop for the pervasive and widespread human rights violations women face in the region, with little chance of justice. The most pernicious types of womens human rights abuses in the Americas occur in the areas of womens reproductiveRead MorePrimary, Secondary, and Tertiary Nursing Care for Domestic Violence1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRunning head: Nursing Interventions to Combating Domestic Violence Domestic Violence: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Nursing Interventions Jason Holt, RN Grand Canyon University NRS429V Diana Anderson, RN, MSNEd, CMSRN August 27, 2010 Domestic Violence: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Nursing Interventions Approximately 2 million American women are assaulted each year at the hands of their intimate partner and an estimated 1,200 are murdered as a result of intimate partner abuse (BlackRead MoreDomestic Violence Is An Endemic Affecting A Large Number Of People1892 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages DOMESTIC VIOLENCE StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Name Course No: Date Ã¢â¬Æ' Domestic Violence Crisis Domestic violence is an endemic affecting a large number of people. This paper seeks to explore and discuss domestic violence crisis across Australia. To begin with, Australian Bureau of Statistics on domestic violence indicated that more than 100,000 Australians have experienced domestic violence in their lives . The overall domestic crimes include sexual assaults, homicide, physical abuse, social abuseRead MoreFeminism Is Defined As The Belief That Men And Women Should Have Equal Rights1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFeminism is defined as the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities within their community. The feminist movement encompasses a series of campaigns that calls for the cultural, political, social, and economic equality of women. For centuries, women have been fighting for reforms on issues including equal pay, sexual harassment and violence against women, reproductive rights, maternity leave, etc. Throughout history, women (and men) have been slow ly breaking down barriers
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.Ã¢â¬ These famous words were spoken by Marc Antony at Julius CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s funeral as if to solidify that Caesar has passed and the Romans should look forward without nostalgia of gone-by emperors. Marc Antony was a leader in the change of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire that spanned thousands of miles in its prime. Born in January of 83 BC to the gens Antonia, which was a prominent family with both patrician and plebeian ties. His father was Marcus Antonius Creticus, and his mother was Julia Antonia, a distant relative to Julius Caesar. (Life of Antonius 4.263). Growing up Antony had many misfortunes with his father dying in Crete in 71 BC, the manÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During this campaign through Egypt Antony came to meet Cleopatra for the first time, who at the time was the 14-year old daughter of Ptolemy XII, it was believed that this meeting between the two is w hat sparked AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s love and desire for Cleopatra. While Antony was fighting in the East he was unaware of plot by the First Triumvirate to take control of the Republic. Once the Triumvirate had basically taken over the Republic for themselves Antony came to serve under Julius Caesar in 54 BC. At this time Caesar was in the middle of his conquest of Gaul during the Gallic Wars. While under Caesar Antony was noted as an excellent military leader and strategist, because of this Caesar took notice of Antony and the two became friends until Caesar died. After years in the conquest of Gaul Antony was sent back to Rome to begin his political career as Quaestor in 52 BC as a member of the Populares faction. However, still assigned to CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s force Antony returned to Gaul to command the cavalry in the Battle of Alesia against the Gallic High King Vercingetorix. Antony was eventually promoted to Legate by Caesar and given command of two legions. While all of this was happenin g for Antony the alliance between
In recent years international health care organizations are more and more recognizing the impact of nursing shortages in every aspect of health care delivery. Many health care delivery systems are increasingly recognizing the threat recurrent shortages of registered nurses impose on the health care system (Krall Prus, 1995). This trend has become increasingly apparent from about the mid 1980s through the present, with concerns over nursing shortages leading many health care specialists to explore Ã¢â¬Å"the dynamics of the nursing labor market using neoclassical labor market analysisÃ¢â¬ (Krall Prus, 67). We will write a custom essay sample on Global Nursing Shortage and Impact on Health Care Environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now Using this approach many suggest that chronic nursing shortages in the global market result from depressed wages and excess demand, and that hospitals tend to command Ã¢â¬Å"monopsonistic powerÃ¢â¬ when it comes to nursing management (Krall Prus, 1995). Under this line of thinking hospitals have traditionally resulted to substituting less skilled nursing personnel in place of RNÃ¢â¬â¢s when the need arises to cope with nursing shortages, potentially decreasing the quality of care afforded patients and customers of the hospitals. One thing is certain; the future of the modern global health care organization is uncertain in light of chronic labor shortages among qualified nursing staff (Epstein, 1999). Many health care organizations are seeking alternative methods to provide patients with the quality care they need despite nursing shortages. Many are resorting to more emphasis on preventive care while others are branching out into the community in an attempt to identify community resources that may promote more support for patients in the health care environment (Epstein, 1999). Heirich (1998) notes that it is vital that health care organizations rethink the health care delivery system in order to provide the innovation necessary to accommodate the rapidly changing world economy and global health care environment. Old formulas for funding health care no longer work; health care costs continue to rise. Many organizations are focusing on cost control, which may include budget shortfalls when it comes to compensating nursing staff. More and more however health care organizations are also realizing the need to focus on adequate compensation and attention to nurses and nursing shortages. New business and health coalitions are forming in major metropolitan areas to help control costs and also attract more qualified personnel, stimulating physicians and nurses as well as other providers to work together to improve service delivery in light of new health care challenges (Heirich, 1998). Future of Workforce Design and Organization As health care organizations are changing in response to chronic nursing shortages so too are organizations re-evaluating workforce designs and organizational development within the health care setting. More and more the emphasis within the health care community and organization has been creating more flat organizational structures and global enterprises that encourage cross collaboration or multi-disciplinary approaches to health care delivery (Heirich, 1998). Chronic labor shortages of nurses in the global workplace have encouraged healthcare organizations to adopt new strategies for attracting qualified personnel. In Britain for example, long standing labor shortages among nurses has resulted in dire efforts to recruit migrant nurses from other countries (McGann Mortimer, 2004). Other organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s including the Illinois State Association are considering recognizing various grades of nurses, including nurses with twelve months vs. urses with twenty seven or more months of training, in an effort to provide more and lower cost nursing care for patients (McGann Mortimer, 2004). Nursing workforce design is increasingly taking on an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach, with more nurses and health care staff trained in a diverse array of services (Clark Drinka, 2000). More health care systems are developing teams that consist of a nurse, doctor, nurse practitioner, social worker and other community members that provide a mix of services to patients (Clark Drinka, 2000). Such efforts may help relieve some of the burden associated with nursing shortages while still ensuring that patients are cared for and offered the highest quality services possible in the health care setting. Health care organizations are also working to involve nursing staff more in decision making processes in an attempt to increase job satisfaction and promote reduced turn over and greater loyalty among qualified staff, as many nursing shortages have been attributed to overworked nurses and lack of job satisfaction (Clark Drinka, 2000). More and more workforces are designing systems that allow nurse practitioners to provide feedback and work in an environment that is more supportive even in light of chronic over scheduling or nursing shortages. Impact Nursing Shortage on Education and Training Educational facilities are increasingly realizing the need to cross train staff to work in a variety of settings to cope with nursing shortages. Additionally more and more educational institutions are promoting team building skills training to promote greater collaboration among nurses and among other health care professionals. The chronic global nursing shortage has affected the future of nursing education, encouraging more training program development with emphasis on training nurses in other skill areas including stress management to cope with increasing burdens associated with under staffing and increasing job demands (McGann Mortimer, 2004). Mosley (1998) suggests that the health care delivery and training model is shifting to move from more individual patient care to care in an integrated environment or system that affords a continuum of services . In this environment accountability for the health and well being of patients moves from a single nurse or care provider to multiple members of the health care team. This wellness model is increasingly promoted in educational facilities where potential health care providers and nurse trainees are taught to include community organizations, family, physicians and individuals as part of the health care team working to promote the health and well being of patients. The new model for educating nurses includes more diversity training so nurses are capable of working with diverse patients from diverse backgrounds (Clark Drinka, 2000). It also includes an interdisciplinary approach to training that cross-trains nurses and other health care staff members to work in various settings and under dynamic conditions. Despite these efforts chronic shortages still exist with regard to attracting and retaining competent staff. Many educational facilities are realizing decreased enrollment in nursing programs, in part because many perceive the field of nursing to be one that is over taxing (Clark Drinka, 2000). Educators will have to work diligently at highlighting programs that provide potential nursing students with the skills necessary to face the new challenges associated with working in a global nursing environment. How to cite Global Nursing Shortage and Impact on Health Care Environment, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Reality A Verbal Visual Essay To Kill A Mocking Bird Five Quotes: 1. I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you know you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. Pg. 112 2. If you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you'll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. Pg. 30 3. It is not necessary to tell all you know. It's not ladylike- in the second place; folks don't like to have somebody around knowin' more than they do. It aggravates 'em. You're not gonna change any of them by talkin' right, they've got to want to learn themselves, and when they don't want to learn there's nothing you can do but keep your mouth shut or talk their language. Pg. 126 4. As you grow older, you'll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don't you forget it-whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash. Pg. 220 5. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view . . . until you climb into his skin and walk around in it. (p.33) I chose the title "Reality" for my essay because many people are faced with issues like racism and acceptance. All these quotes have to deal with subjects that everyone can relate to. Everybody has the right to be treated fairly and with respect. No one has to right to be disrespected; everyone should be treated equally. These are one of the many aspects of today's society that everyone has to deal with. Many of the characters in the novel are not what they truly seem to be. Most would think of Boo Radley as an isolated madman, Miss Dubose as a mean spirited old woman, and Dolphous Raymond as a social abnormal. These people are hated by most, but these are not fair judgments. Once we get beyond the gossip surrounding these people, we get a clear view of some very strong human beings. "It is not necessary to tell all you know..." some things people just don't want to know about. The picture of the couple sharing information about each other is an example. Unwanted ideas aren't needed. Despite how easy it is to judge others, once you look closer, you see something more in everyone. The Finches do this and they gain new friends and invaluable insight into others because of this. No one is what he or she truly seems, and everyone has something inside him or her that motivates him or her to be who he or she is. One must look closely to see this, and the Finches do just that. The picture of the girl with a mask proves this. On the outside she appears to be a cheerful person meanwhile she is a "green eyed monster" on the inside. You should never judge someone by the way they look, get to know them first before you make any decisions. Nothing more pervades the novel than the ideas of racism and acceptance. Atticus has built a whole value system around the idea that a person must look at and respect who people are and where they come from. This includes even the nastiest characters like Bob Ewell and Mrs. Dubose. When others would rather forget about these people, Attic us takes the time to understand them. This is a value Atticus passes onto his children as well. Towards the end of the novel Scout says, I think there's just one kind of folks. Folks. She understands Atticus' belief that all human beings must be accepted and treated equally. The five comments refer to the theme of this verbal visual essay, which is reality. All these quotes are very similar in the sense that they all deal with life. Everyone will go through life experiencing them. They are words that individuals should think about wisely and take into consideration.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Chinese Civilization Essay Essay Example Chinese Civilization Essay Essay Chinese Civilization Essay Essay The land here is wide and diverse. Among this huge piece of Earth. one can happen both husbandman and man of affairs ; mountain and field ; drouth and rainfall ; barren and farming area. It is huge. it is multifaceted. And yet these aggregations of disparate and dissimilar presences are bound as one. side by side with each other. They are together. they are connected. They are united. united under one name: China. It is impossible to take a individual word that precisely represents all the land of China. The Himalayan Mountains might hold Ã¢â¬Å"majesty. Ã¢â¬ or the Forbidden City might hold Ã¢â¬Å"opulence. Ã¢â¬ but surely the two are rather different and can non be swapped. Yet there is a word that can depict all the land of China: the metropoliss. the mountains. the small towns. the fields. the towns. the rivers. the comeuppances. That word is Beauty. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural sphere has extended across East Asia as a whole. with Chinese faith. imposts. and composing systems being adapted to changing grades by neighbours such as Japan. Korea and Vietnam. The first grounds of human presence in the part was found at the Zhoukoudian cave. It is one of the first known specimens of Homo erectus. now normally known as the Peking Man. estimated to hold lived from 300. 000 to 780. 000 old ages ago China ranges from largely plateaus and mountains in the West to take down lands in the E. Chief rivers flow from West to east. including the Yangtze ( cardinal ) . the Huang He ( Yellow river. north-central ) . and the Amur ( nor-east ) . and sometimes toward the South ( including the Pearl River. Mekong River. and Brahmaputra ) . with most Chinese rivers emptying into the Pacific Ocean. In the E. along the shores of the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea there are extended and dumbly populated alluvial fields. On the borders of the Inner Mongolian tableland in the North. grasslands can be seen. Southern China is dominated by hills and low mountain scopes. In the central-east are the deltas of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s two major rivers. the Huang Heand Yangtze River. Most of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s cultivable lands lie along these rivers. and they were the centres of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s major antediluvian civilisations. Other major rivers include the Pearl River. Mekong. Brahmaputra and Amur. Yunnan Province is considered a portion of the Greater Mekong Subregion. which besides includes Myanmar. Laos. Thailand. Cambodia. and Vietnam. [ 47 ] In the West. the North has a great alluvial field. and the South has a huge chalky plateau traversed by hill scopes of moderate lift. and the Himalayas. incorporating EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s highest point. Mount Everest. The Northwest besides has high tableland with more waterless desert landscapes such as the Takla-Makan and the Gobi Desert. which has been spread outing. During many dynasties. the southwesterly boundary line of China has been the high mountains and deep vale of Yunnan. which separate modern China from Burma. Laos and Vietnam. The Paleozoic formations of China. demuring merely the upper portion of the Carboniferous system. are marine. while the Mesozoic and Tertiary sedimentations are estuarial and fresh water. or else of tellurian beginning. Groups of volcanic cones occur in the Great Plain of north China. In the Liaodong and Shandong Peninsulas. there are basaltic tableland. Part II CONTRIBUTIONS Society. Hundreds of cultural groups have existed in China throughout its history. The largest cultural group in China by far is the Han. This group. nevertheless. is internally diverse and can be farther divided into smaller cultural groups that portion similar traits. Over the last three millenary. many antecedently distinguishable cultural groups in China have been Sinicized into a Han individuality. which over clip dramatically expanded the size of the Han population. However. these assimilations were normally uncomplete. and traces of autochthonal linguistic communication and civilization still frequently remain in assorted parts of China. Because of this. many within the Han individuality have maintained distinguishable lingual and cultural traditions while still placing as Han. Several ethnicities have besides dramatically shaped Han civilization. e. g. the Manchurian vesture called the qipao became the new Ã¢â¬Å"ChineseÃ¢â¬ manner after the seventeenth century. replacing earlier Han manners of vesture such as the Hanfu. The modern term Chinese state ( Zhonghua Minzu ) is now used to depict a impression of a Chinese nationality that transcends cultural divisions. China has over 50 minority groups. Each group has different linguistic communications. imposts. and traditions. Gap between the Rich and the Poor. The Chinese society was structurally complex and non much is known about it. Research is still on. Life in old Chinese society on a normal on the job twenty-four hours was difficult and hardworking for the husbandmans while epicurean and laid back for Lords and merchandisers. There was a broad demographic spread between the husbandmans and male monarchs and Lords. The husbandmans were far more in population as compared to Lords. They were economically exploited and were made to work really hard. The Lords lived in epicurean castles while the husbandmans in China survived in little huts. Naturally the Lords were extremely regarded and lived with great wealths. Religion. There are three chief faiths in China. They are Confucianism. Buddhism. and Taoism. They were suppressed by the CCP during the twentieth century. but they are still alive and perforating the heads of Chinese today. These faiths are all widespread. and aside from other universe faiths. they all originated in China. Confucianism was the official doctrine throughout most of Imperial ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s history. and command of Confucian texts was the primary standard for entry into the imperial bureaucratism. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s traditional values were derived from assorted versions of Confucianism. A figure of more autocratic strains of idea have besides been influential. such as Legalism. There was frequently conflict between the thoughts and doctrines. for illustration. the Song Dynasty Neo-Confucians believed Legalism departed from the original spirit of Confucianism. Examinations and a civilization of virtue remain greatly valued in China today. In recent old ages. a figure of New Confucians ( non to be confused with Neo-Confucianism ) have advocated that democratic ideals and human rights are rather compatible with traditional Confucian Ã¢â¬Å"Asian valuesÃ¢â¬ . With the rise of European economic and military power get downing in the mid-19th century. non-Chinese systems of societal and political organisation gained disciples in China. Some of these manque reformists wholly rejected ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural bequest. while others sought to unite the strengths of Chinese and European civilizations. In kernel. the history of 20th-century China is one of experimentation with new systems of societal. political. and economic organisation that would let for the reintegration of the state in the aftermath of dynastic prostration. Economicss. By approximately 10. 000 BCE. in the Neolithic Era. agribusiness was practiced in China. Stratified bronze-age civilizations. such as Erlitou. emerged by the 3rd millenary BCE. Under the Shang ( ca. 1600Ã¢â¬â1045 BCE ) and Zhou ( 1045Ã¢â¬â771 BCE ) . a dependent labour force worked in large-scale metalworkss and workshops to bring forth bronzes and silk for the elite. The agricultural excesss produced by the manorial economic system supported these early handcraft industries every bit good as urban centres and considerable ground forcess. This system began to disintegrate after the prostration of the Western Zhou Dynasty in 771 BCE. predating the Spring and Autumn and Warring provinces eras. As the feudal system collapsed. much legislative power was transferred from the aristocracy to local male monarchs. A merchandiser category emerged during the Warring States Period. ensuing in increased trade. The new male monarchs established an luxuriant bureaucratism. utilizing it to pay wars. construct big temples. and execute public plants undertakings. This new system rewarded endowment over birthright ; of import places were no longer occupied entirely by aristocracy. The acceptance of new Fe tools revolutionized agribusiness and led to a big population addition during this period. By 221 BCE. the province of Qin. which embraced reform more than other provinces. incorporate China. built the Great Wall. and set consistent criterions of authorities. [ 5 ] Although its Draconian Torahs led to its overthrow in 206 BCE. the Qin establishments survived. During the Han Dynasty. China became a strong. unified. and centralised imperium of self-sufficing husbandmans and craftsmans. though limited local liberty remained. The Song Dynasty ( 960Ã¢â¬â1279 CE ) brought extra economic reforms. Paper money. movable type. the compass. and other technological progresss facilitated communicating on a big graduated table and the widespread circulation of books. The province control of the economic system diminished. leting private merchandisers to thrive and a big addition in investing and net income. Despite breaks during the Mongol conquering of 1279. the Ming Dynasty continued the SongÃ¢â¬â¢s economic development. However. when the isolationist Qing Dynasty came into power. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s economic development began to decelerate. EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s rapid development during the Industrial Revolution enabled it to excel China- an event known as the great divergency. Trade with foreign states on a big graduated table began during the reign of Emperor Wu. when he sent the adventurer Zhang Yi to reach states west of China in hunt of Alliess to contend the Xiongnu. After the licking of the Xiongnu. nevertheless. Chinese ground forcess established themselves in Central Asia. get downing the celebrated Silk Road. which became a major avenue of international trade Paper and Printing. The greatest Chinese finds of all times which the whole universe accepts even today are the art of paper devising. printing. gun pulverization and magnetic compass. Paper devising was an art which developed in ancient China and they used silk. fabric. bark. fibre and hemp. Subsequently during the Han Dynasty. about 1800 old ages ago. paper devising was refined and was being made from hemp and bark and subsequently from bamboo. Printing engineering was invented in ancient China as far back as the eighth century and by 868 they were utilizing wood block printing which was used to publish the first book in the universe. Promotion in the engineering came by eleventh century when movable ceramic pressman was invented during the regulation of the Song Dynasty. By the clip the Tang dynasty came to power in ancient China. printing and paper devising techniques had prompted the innovation of books and book stores in the metropoliss. Compass and Gun Powder. The innovation of these two had put ancient China in the bow forepart in footings of scientific find and development. The compass was highly utile for trade and sea travel. Here they used magnets to magnetise a arrow made of Fe. Subsequently the western universe borrowed the technique for the pilotage on the sea. Gun pulverization was invented by accident when the antediluvian Chinese found that throwing some types of mineral pulverizations in the fire produces colour and twinkle fire. They used the engineering for doing pyrotechnics. Subsequently the same gunpowder changed the art of modern warfare when it was used by the European powers against their enemies. Politicss and Government. Ancient China had monarchy. i. e. authorities headed by an emperor and a royal household. Chinese swayers besides called sovereigns based their authorities on the Confucian theoretical account. which taught that the swayer was a virtuous adult male who led by exampleÃ¢â¬ ¦ Despotic leading. China like many other states at that clip was an agribusiness based state with the river Yangtze as its line of life. During the ancient period the male monarch would be the leader and would be more of a dictator than a male monarch for the people who would take determinations good to them. He has un-surpassing power in all countries be it economic system or administration or agribusiness which was the support of the people. Earliest incident of despotic leading could likely be traced back to the Hsia dynasty ( 2200 Ã¢â¬â 1750 BC ) when the emperor Yao picked Shun as his replacement to assist his people who were burdened by the regular inundations. Enlightened Leadership. Shun can be given recognition for being an enlightened leader. but he was really rough on his people. He could set any of his people to decease if they did non hold with his leading. Other penalties included utilizing whip. stick and mulcts for little offenses. He was succeeded by Yu. who founded Hsia. the first dynasty. During this dynasty the Chinese authorities or the emperor employed immense labour to work under four groups: military. farming. building workers and fabric labour. Textile labour were given the undertaking of weaving silk yarn by manus to do apparels for the royal household. building work included public work such as edifice wall. enlarging canals for agribusiness etc. Military. Ancient China was most of the clip caught in conflicts against the Huns or the encroachers. In military the casualty was really high. because at that clip it was quiet common to hold mass warfare killing 1000s at the same clip ; ordinary soldiers were merely treated as pawns by the male monarch and other leaders. Shan Dynasty ( 1750-1040 BC ) was ruthless when it came to conflicts. they even made the whole household battle in conflicts together because he believed they would contend better with each other. Position of Women. The Shan Dynasty followed the doctrine of Yin and Yan and believed in giving lesser function to adult females in the society as compared to work forces. Womans were non given chances and were treated as inferior. Attempts to reform the Chinese Government. The Chou Dynasty ( 1040 -256 BC ) tried to convey betterments in the authorities after the corrupt Shan Dynasty and tried to use the feudal system. This new signifier of authorities in ancient China collapsed and ended up with Warring provinces period ( 403- 221 BC ) . Furthermore. corrupt emperors caused the state to fall apart into a uninterrupted war like state of affairs. It was after these that the enlightened Qin Dynasty ruled. which tried to reform and unified the state and builds the Great Wall of China. The Ancient Chinese Government was more of Despotism instead than Enlightened Monarchy which works for the improvement of the people. Legal Systems. Many of the ancient legal systems were considered to be harsh by modern twenty-four hours criterions. When societies were get downing to set up civil order and a authorities hierarchy frequently many premises seemed utmost ; for illustration. HammurabiÃ¢â¬â¢s Code and the oculus for an oculus rule or the anguish patterns common in Medieval Europe. Although. modern China may be suspected of human rights maltreatments. Ancient ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system was based on ethical motives and the built-in good of the citizens. The Ancient Chinese legal system evolved through the rules of Confucianism and Legalism along with the traditions and ethical motives of Ancient Chinese life. Confucianism. Confucianism as a doctrine gained prominence in the early being of Ancient China. The Confucian doctrine believed that societal control and societal order could merely be created through instruction. Confucianism influenced the Ancient Chinese legal system as it believed that worlds were inherently good and that order was based on regard for the King and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s fellow adult male. The early legal system of Ancient China was as a consequence. hesitant to use statute or written jurisprudence. This was because codified Torahs served to state people what to make without explicating the logical thinking. Alternatively of statute jurisprudence. the legal system of Ancient China was ab initio intended to be secondary to moral logical thinking. It was believed under Confucianism that by governing through traditions. norms. and ethical motives that those who broke the recognized conditions would be ashamed and ostracized from society. Over clip nevertheless. it became clear that in some fortunes peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s opportunism would differ from society. It was because of this that the premises of Confucianism were assorted with those of Legalism to organize the first statute jurisprudence in Ancient China. Legalism. Legalism in contrast to Confucianism was based on the construct that worlds were predisposed to evil or wrongdoing. This belief led to the apprehension that codified jurisprudence and penalties were needed in order to keep order in society. When Ancient China began to integrate these rules into their legal system a focal point was placed on the swayer. It was of import to these rules that the swayer remained above the jurisprudence so that his word could move as a usher. It was besides of import to Legalism that a swayer was respected so that his Torahs and penalties were seen as merely. As Ancient ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system evolved it remained of import that the jurisprudence had the regard of the people and that the people understood the traditions. Important Principles. Ancient ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system is one of the oldest legal traditions and yet unlike modern twenty-four hours systems there was no separation between civil and condemnable jurisprudence. The legal system of Ancient China was structured around the swayer being able to unite societyÃ¢â¬â¢s involvements while keeping regard. This premiss is why any offenses against the swayer received no clemency. After the swayer in Ancient China the household was held in the highest respect ; this is why offenses against the household were considered one of the greatest offenses. In general Ancient ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system attempted to implement filial piousness. to continue the regard of household ascendants. to avoid legal action when possible. to make hindrances to actions and to command effusions. In comparing. to many other early legal systems. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s system was comparatively relaxed and centered on the citizens instead than authorities authorizations. Ancient ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system was founded on the traditions of the society it was meant to command leting the system to germinate into the present twenty-four hours Culture. Daily life in Ancient China is every bit cryptic as it is old. The ancient Chinese were chief Godheads. creative persons. craftsmen and warlords. They created paper. gunpowder for conflicts. lucifers. cannons. compass. umbrellas and many more. They created many artefacts. They developed many soldierly humanistic disciplines and other art signifiers such as penmanship. They used coins with holes in them. As there were no Bankss at that clip they used to roll up the money through strings in the coins. Ancient China was ruled by many dynasties and was invariably plagued with war. The provincials celebrated spring which was a really of import festival in their life. It was celebrated during spring to welcome a good crop and good luck. Normally immature work forces and adult females paired up and American ginseng and danced. Like today. even in ancient China the Dragon was a mark of good fortune. Chinese art is good known throughout the universe. Its picture and penmanship established the guiding principals by which other civilisations would emulate. In Chinese art. each object has its ain subjective significance. and can be interpreted in many ways. To the Chinese. colour and signifier are non merely words. but are a portion of what makes them a alone people ; there ability to environ themselves with beautiful architecture and munificent technique know no bounds. Peoples around the universe love Chinese nutrient. and so they should. Lots of tradition and attention has gone into some of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s finest and most celebrated dishes. In add-on. Chinese medical specialty has been around for centuries. but merely late has it go a new. and about baseline intervention. for common complaints such as concerns and febrilities. Ancient Chinese Paintings. There are really few remains of pictures of ancient times except on ceramic and tiles. a clear historic development can be traced merely after fifth century AD. Hundreds of caves of Buddhist wall pictures and coils dating back to late fifth century AD have been discovered. A extremely organized system of stand foring objects was discovered different from the western position ; the greatest strength of this art is its uncomparable command of lines and silhouette. The art of figure painting reached itÃ¢â¬â¢s tallness during the Tang Dynasty. which besides saw the rise of the great art of landscape picture executed as brush drawings with colour washes Chinese Music and Poetry. Ancient Chinese music can be traced back to Neolithic age based on the find of bone flutes. Poetry and Music were influenced by the Book of Song. Confucius and the Chinese poet and statesman Qu Yuan. In the Xia. Shang and Zhou dynasties music was merely for the royal households and very important persons. come ining the mainstream merely in the Tang Dynasty. In the Song Dynasty. Kunqu. the oldest signifier of Chinese opera developed and it was during this clip that the authors and creative persons came up with new signifier of lyric poesy Ã¢â¬âCi. Other Art Forms. There were other signifiers of art apart from the 1s mentioned above during ancient times in China like Seals. Calligraphy. Embroidery. kite doing. paper film editing and shadow puppetry. Ancient Chinese civilization self-praises of glorious signifiers of Art and traditional trades which are merely two of the many gems in ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s 5000 twelvemonth history.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Get My IP With Delphi Programming Internet this and internet that. Everybody wants to be on the internet nowadays. Everyone wants to program internet nowadays. One of the most interesting tasks when starting to code for the internet is how to obtain the IP address of a computer connected to the internet. IP? TCP? Simply technical: the internet is built on TCP/IP connections. The TCP part describes how two computers set up a connection to each other and transfer data. The IP part primarily deals with how to get a message routed across the internet. Each connected machine has a unique IP address that allows others to figure out a path to any computer around the world wide web (or the world precisely). Uses Winsock To obtain the IP address of the computer you are using when connected to the internet, we need to call some of the API functions *defined* in the Winsock unit. Well create a GetIPFromHost function that calls several Winsock API functions in order to get the IP. Before we can even use WinSock functions, we must have a valid session. This session is created with the WinSock WSAStartup function. At the end of our function, a call to SAC leanup is made in order to terminate the use of the Windows Sockets APIs. To obtain the computers IP address, we must use GetHostByName in conjunction with GetHostName. Each computer is called a host and we can get the hostname with a special function call: GetHostName. We then use GetHostByName to get the IP-address, related to this hostname. Get IP Delphi.Project.Code Start Delphi and place one Button and two Edit boxes on a newly created Form. Add the GetIPFromHostÃ function to the implementation part of your unit and assign the following code to the OnClick event handler of a button (below): uses Winsock; function GetIPFromHost(var HostName, IPaddr, WSAErr: string): Boolean; type Name array[0..100] of Char; PName ^Name; var HEnt: pHostEnt; HName: PName; WSAData: TWSAData; i: Integer; begin Result : False; if WSAStartup($0101, WSAData) 0 then begin WSAErr : Winsock is not responding.; Exit; end; IPaddr : ; New(HName); if GetHostName(HName^, SizeOf(Name)) 0 thenbegin HostName : StrPas(HName^); HEnt : GetHostByName(HName^); for i : 0 to HEnt^.h_length - 1 do IPaddr : Concat(IPaddr, IntToStr(Ord(HEnt^.h_addr_list^[i])) .); SetLength(IPaddr, Length(IPaddr) - 1); Result : True; end else begin case WSAGetLastError of WSANOTINITIALISED:WSAErr:WSANotInitialised; WSAENETDOWN :WSAErr:WSAENetDown; WSAEINPROGRESS :WSAErr:WSAEInProgress; end; end; Dispose(HName); WSACleanup; end; procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject); var Host, IP, Err: string; begin if GetIPFromHost(Host, IP, Err) then begin Edit1.Text : Host; Edit2.Text : IP; end else M essageDlg(Err, mtError, [mbOk], 0); end;
Saturday, February 15, 2020
The US Role in Syrian Crisis - Essay Example The brutal crackdown of the masses by the Bashar Al-Assad security forces, the cry for democracy by the Syrian people as well as the political resistance against the regime. A clear illustration of the regime inhumane and merciless acts is the arrest and mistreatment of 15 children from a school in the town of Daraa, allegedly for painting anti-government graffiti at a school (Joe, 2). When people sought to protest for the release of the children, the security forces tortured the people by beating them up and even opening fire to kill at least four of the protestors. These and other inhumane acts perpetrated by the Bashar Al-Assad regime, calls for a reaction from the international community. Lately, some 64 people fleeing homes were killed and dumped in the city by the regimeÃ¢â¬â¢s security forces (Joe, 1).In the light of the above, it is my opinion that the US government should engage in the Syrian crisis to avert the human suffering that the regime has mooted on the people. How ever, there are many other considerations, which need to be done, just before a full support for the course is pledged. Having the US involvement in many other wars and crisis in the recent past, of which it has emerged with a soiled reputation, a thorough analysis needs to be done before a decision to engage in the crisis is reached (Blake, 6). There is a call for an involvement of the US government to support the Syrian citizens, on a humanitarian ground, to avert more killings and torture of the people who does not support the regime. However, the US government has not done much towards this noble course. This is because, as opposed to the Libyan case, Syrian crisis is significantly weighty, thus its approach has to be well thought of and planned in advance just before any involvement in its execution. The Syrian case has more outside parties involved in it (Joe, 3). Furthermore, the ethnic diversity of the country and the interest of the Arab world in this case serve to make the case even harder. By defeating Syria, a strong ally of Iran and by extension one of the Muslim hardliners would be eliminated (Wright, 214). Therefore, any involvement of the US government would cause the Muslim allies to get involved in the crisis, thus making the situation fatal than it currently is. The main interested countries are Iran, which has invested a lot in the regimeÃ¢â¬â¢s survival, Russia who still considers Syria as one of the last friends remaining, Saudi Arabia, which supports the Sunni,Ã¢â¬â¢s to remain in power, Israel, and Lebanon, which are of the opinion that the defeat of the Bashar Al-Assad will result to a dire chaotic situation. Therefore, without the support of some of these countries, the US bid to go into war with Syria will just be another course for defeat (Hinnebusch, 8). There are certain mistakes that the US government has made, which serves to make the issue a more complicated and difficult one to solve. The US has under-estimated the threat posed by the ouster of the Bashar Al-Assad regime. Bashar Al-Assad could be tougher, owing to the support of his allies, than estimated by the US (Ziadeh). The possibility of use of chemical weapons by the regime, the high costs involved and the greater risks involved in this war are some consideration that the US government seem to have overlooked. The possibility of Al-QaedaÃ¢â¬â¢